As you know, judges have an obligation to hand down "just" sentences. This is not an easy task, because our elected officials have meddled in the sentencing process, and created laws that are simply too harsh for the crime committed. When judges are confronted with a potential sentencing injustice, they have an escape valve known as a downward departure. In essence, if a defense attorney can convince the judge that certain mitigating circumstances are present, a trial judge may "downward depart" from the sentencing guidelines (so, if the legislature says the defendant must serve 10 years prison, the judge may 'downward depart' to give something lower, like 5 years prison, for reasons discussed below).
Sex offenses are the unofficial targets of ridiculous sentencing guidelines. For those of you who pay too much in taxes (all of you who actually pay taxes?), rest assured that sex offenses are that giant sucking sound Ross Perot thought he heard coming out of Mexico. But hey, why pay teachers the money they deserve when we can, instead, spend another $43,285/year housing a guy in prison for looking child porn? The sentence for possessing several hundred child pornographic images will exceed the minimum mandatory sentence given to a child molester, a rapist, and even some murderers (for more info, see my article found here).
How can we possibly stop the insanity? Judges look to the downward departure rules to help impose more reasonable sentences. To understand the kind of battles that ensue on the rare occasion that a judge departs on a sex case, let's take a look at the downward departure found in State v. Davis, 141 So. 1230 (1st DCA 2014). Here's what happened. Davis responded to an adults only dating website, specifically, to a 32 year old's ad claiming that she and her "little sister" were in town, looking to have fun tonight. Naturally, the ad makes no mention as to how old the 32 year old's sister really is, so Mr. Davis answers the ad. And, you know the rest of the story, but I'll say it anyway. The 32 year old was actually a detective of unknown age (though, I presume of legal age, it's hard to make detective by age 16). And, the promised ménage a trois (all the French I know, plus a few lines out of "Lady Marmalade") is only twisted into something criminal once the detective has Davis hooked.